328 nautical miles to Manus Island
Rabaul is a city on the island of so-called New Britain, north-east of Papua New Guinea. The island has diverse Indigenous population, including Tolai and Baining peoples. It was colonised by both Germany and later Britain. The city suffered a large scale destruction from the heavy ashfall following the eruption of Tavurvur and Vulcan volcanoes in 1994. Only some 50km to the north of Rabaul is the site of the Solwara 1 Project – the first in the world approved deep seabed mining exploration, which received permits despite of 3 independent reviews of the environmental impact statement which found significant gaps and flaws in the underlying science. There is widespread concern about the impact deep seabed mining will have on the ecosystems and habitats of the deep sea. The practice is at an early stage – highly speculative and experimental. The Alliance of Solwara Warriors is an alliance of local communities who oppose the mining project by Nautilus Minerals.